How to pick colours

HOW TO PICK YOUR COLOURS 

PRIMARY COLOURS - RED, YELLOW AND BLUE - THESE CAN NOT BE MADE FROM MIXING OTHER COLOURS

SECONDARY COLOURS - ORANGE , GREEN AND VIOLET - THESE ARE MADE FROM MIXING 2 PRIMARY COLOURS

TERITORY COLOURS - THERE ARE 6 TERITORY COLOUR EACH MADE BY MIXING 1 PRIMARY COLOUR WITH AN ADJACENT SECONDARY COLOUR

RED-VIOLET   RED-ORANGE   YELLOW-ORANGE   YELLOW-GREEN   BLUE-VIOLET   BLUE-GREEN

 

COLOUR WHEEL 

colour wheel 2

WARM COLOURS - REDS, ORANGES AND YELLOWS

COLD COLOURS - GREENS, BLUES AND VIOLETS

 

HUES, VALUES AND INTESITIES

COLOUR IS DESCRIBED BY 3 CHARACTERISTICS, WHICH ARE HUE, VALUE AND INTENSITY:

HUE - THE NAME OF A PARTICULAR COLOUR

VALUE- THIS REFERS TO THE  LIGHTNESS OR DARKNESS OF A COLOUR 

INTENSITY - THIS IS THE PURITY OF THE COLOUR, RELATES TO THE BRIGHTNESS AND DULLNESS OF A COLOUR

 

TINTS, SHADES AND TONES

THESE TERMS ARE OFTEN USED INCORRECTELY, ALTHOUGH THEY DESCRIBE FAIRLY SIMPLE COLOUR CONCEPTS. IF A COLOUR IS MADE LIGHTER BY ADDING WHITE, THE RESULT IS CALLED A TINT. IF BLACK IS ADDED, THE DARKER VERSION IS CALLED A SHADE. AND IF GREY IS ADDED, THE RESULT IS CALLED A TONE

TINT - COLOUR + WHITE

TONE - COLOUR + GREY

SHADE - COLOUR+ BLACK

NEUTRAL GREY - A BALANCE OF WHITE + BLACK

 

CHOOSING YOUR COLOUR SCHEME WHEN MAKING

YOU CAN PICK YOUR COLOUR SCHEME BY USING 3 METHODS, WHICH ARE BELOW 

1.A COLOUR SCHEME BASED ON ANALOGOUS COLOURS - ANALOGOUS COLOURS ARE ANY THREE COLOURS WHICH ARE SIDE BY SIDE ON THE ABOVE 12 PART COLOUR WHEEL ( SEE COLOUR WHEEL IMAGE)

2.A COLOUR SCHEME BASED ON COMPLEMENTARY COLOURS - COMPLEMENTARY COLOURS ARE ANY TWO COLOURS OPOSITE EACH OTHER, SUCH AS RED AND GREEN AND RED/PURPLE AND YELLOW/GREEN. THESE OPPOSING COLOURS CREATE MAXIMUM CONTRAST ALONG WITH MAXIMUM STABILITY

3.A COLOUR SCHEME BASED ON NATURE - NATURE PROVIDES A PERFECT DEPARTURE POINT FOR COLOUR HARMONY. SIMPLY USE YOUR SURROUNDINGS TO INSPIRE YOUR PROJECTS SUCH AS THE SEA BY USING BLUES AND GREENS OR FIRE BY USING REDS AND ORANGES.

4.A COLOUR SCHEME BASED ON MONOCHROMATIC COLOURS - COLOURS THAT ARE SHADE OR TINT VARIATIONS OF THE SAME HUE.